An eye doctor is an individual with the responsibility of providing treatment for the visual system. This includes a variety of tasks, some requiring more training than others. It is any health care worker involved with eye care, from a technician to one who has a minimum of five years of post-high-school education. In order to become an eye doctor, you must pass the state board exam. There are also requirements for specific types of eye jobs.
Many states require eye doctors to be licensed and participate in continuing education courses, although most states do not. The American Board of Ophthalmology has developed a series of nationally recognized educational courses, such as the National Eye Exam, which is available through participating hospitals, schools, and other medical history websites. These courses are accredited and help candidates meet the licensing exam requirements. Students can complete the necessary course work by scheduling a written examination, which consists of two written sections, one of which is multiple choice, and one of which is a functional vision examination.
Eye exams are usually ordered by a private optometrist, or ophthalmologist. A vision screening is usually part of the exam and includes a refraction assessment, optical examination, and visual field test. This screening is usually conducted before the refraction evaluation and can be done in person or via video. The refraction assessment measures your eyes’ ability to focus light on the retina, and the visual field test is a visual test that addresses areas of specific vision problems. Both exams are normally administered at the same time, typically within forty-five minutes.
Once these exams are completed, a recommendation is made and the patient is granted permission to take the exams. A minimum number of hours of training is usually required to take the exams. Once all of the required hours have been completed, the individual can apply for their license, either through the local board of medicine in the state where the doctor lives, or through the Optometric Association of American Medical practitioners, which licenses most independent optometrists.
There are several different types of eye exams that can be ordered. There are reflexive tests, such as the refraction test measures your ability to focus light on the retina, and the cone angle test measures the ability of your eyes to bend light around its center. There are also ambulatory vision tests and digital rectal exams.
Vision screenings are very important, especially if you need certain types of eye exams. If you have certain areas of vision problems, your eye doctor will examine these certain areas and make a referral to an eye doctor who can examine your eyes more thoroughly and suggest treatments. For example, if you have nearsightedness or farsightedness, your eye doctor will determine how much better you can see at night and whether or not you suffer from glare. The next time you go in for a visit, it is important for the eye doctor to look at your entire visual field. If he or she notices something out of the ordinary, they will make a referral to someone who can help you with your vision problems.